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1. Prepositions. The extract below is taken from a newspaper article in "The Observer, Sunday January 25, 2004".
You are advised to first
read the complete article with its prepositions before you do the exercise.
When doing so, look up all the words and phrases you do not know. Then learn them!!!

The following prepositions are omitted:


about between on
across by over
against during throughout
ago for to
among from upon
at in with
before into without


You should add the 120 prepositions before you control yourself by hitting the answers button.

Living Britain's population timebomb

100 years , there were five people working every retired person. Soon every pensioner, there will be just one worker. But we have not woken up this social revolution as we grow older and healthier. Robin McKie asks what this means the future and how our lives will change

Sunday January 25, 2004

The Observer

It is 2060. The world's first septuagenarian mother has given birth, while Britain, its population 100-year-olds approaching half a million, royal congratulations centenarians have long been abandoned because the number
recipients threatens to overwhelm Buckingham Palace. The greetings card industry has never had it so good, while Saga magazine - now renamed Just Seventy - vastly outsells lads' magazines like Loaded and FHM.

It sounds the stuff science fiction. But only just - for researchers now believe our nation has begun to fade grey.

 Falling birth rates and rising life expectancy are turning Britain a land codgers.

An 'age-quake' is about to overwhelm us, a 'wrinkly' revolution that is set to transform society: singles' nights pensioners

fitness clubs, workers employment their seventies, grandparents running houses

grown-up children who can no longer afford their own homes. The grey pound will be all powerful and society will bend the

will the aged. The golden oldies are the march.

Just consider the statistics. 2050 one person five Britain will be 70, a regiment

12 million oldsters - double the current population London - filling residential homes and sheltered housing

the land. the land.

  addition, there will be a further eight million aged 60 and 70. the first time, there are now more

over-60-year-olds than under-16s this country.

The consequences this seismic shift demographics will be profound. the 1950s an employee lived,

average, only three or four years retiring 65. Today he or she will survive

decades, a trend that is now producing major shortfalls company pension funds the West, as the US Centre

Strategic land International Studies recently warned. 'Countries will have to race time to ensure their economic

and social fabric the shock global ageing,' it stated.

It was a message repeated the World Economic Forum Davos last week. The world - both developed and

developing - is facing an ageing bombshell, delegates were warned, and many nations are singularly ill-prepared. As Peter Heller,

the International Monetary Fund, pointed out, pensions Britain were now woefully inadequate the

coming years.

Heller's warning was echoed home Tory politician Grahame Leon-Smith and Labour stalwart Terry Pattison when

they launched the Senior Citizen Party, which has pledged to fight better pensions elderly people.

But if the elderly feel hard done, so do the young. A hundred years , every pensioner there were five people

employment. Today the figure is 2.5. a few decades it will approach one. Each worker will have to support

themselves and another - old - person. having a pyramid support a myriad workers

its base, each pensioner will rest one straining individual, a lonely column dependency. Already problems are

materialising.

Middle-aged couples - already stuck the spiralling costs children - are having to pay more their

parents' care as they live longer and their pensions and savings fall short.

' the past three years, the fees my mother's residential home have risen £1,200 a

month £1,600,' said Anne Findlay, Wimbledon, London. ' the same time her pension went

up a pittance.

Some that extra money now has to come us. That is money we would have invested our family's

future, but now it has to be spent today. This is going to become a real problem.'

Such things put a strain the best families, as Jasper Carrott observed, when comparing people's relations

  ageing relatives and children: 'They're both drugs, they both detest us, and neither them has a job.'

And things are only going to get worse, say experts. The Government has made it clear it wants to fix state pension spending

current levels, while occupational pensions - employers - will continue to shrivel. Cash our swelling

ranks oldies is going to become very scarce, although the bills will rise inexorably. The Royal Commission Long Term

Care estimates that the costs caring old people will increase its 1995 level £11 billion

more than £45 billion 2051. The question is: who is going to pay?

The answer, made some increasing vehemence recent weeks, is simple: immigration.

the world's poorer nations, where 60-year-olds are rare, age profiles contrast starkly those the West. While

the median age Europeans is 37, that Asians is 26 and Africans a mere 18. These are continents filled

young blood to spare, men and women willing to leave their homelands to find a better life. Just look what this

process has done America, argue analysts. the boom years the United States the

1990s, more than 13.5 million people immigrated - most them illegally - the US, most heading

California and Southern states. these individuals - mostly Asia, Mexico and South America -

America's young labour force would have shrunk 20 per cent and its industrial growth would have stalled, says Paul

Harrington, Boston's Northeastern University. 'We would not have been able to fuel our economic expansion

the absence foreign immigration,' he states.  (...)

 

from: http://observer.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,6903,1130686,00.html, January 25, 2004



2. Test your knowledge. Choose the best answer. Then click on the answer button.


  problem
solution
2.1. Last night I to the stadium.

2.2. What this evening , Jayne?
2.3. The customer got angry and started the shop assistant.
2.4. Natisha was tired, she went to Mike's birthday party.
2.5. My doctor says I am too fat. So I say to myself: lose some weight.
2.6. When Charlie to Spain next week, he'll send me some postcards.
2.7. Has Bertie succeeded a new car yet?
2.8. Tim is hot and thirsty because .
2.9. The father daughter is ill in hospital has just gone to visit her.
2.10. Which is the politest way to ask for another cup of tea?
2.11. The President
2.12. How brothers and sisters have you got, Derek?
2.13. Anne never takes sugar in her tea.
2.14. Unfortunately I did not see Daniel yesterday. I would have given him your letter.
2.15. I think last year I a lot of taxes.
2.16. He's so strong that he'll get his illness easily.
2.17. This was all my fault. I blame
2.18. He in the bedroom for hours now.
2.19. car is that opposite the supermarket? Is it yours, Curtis?
2.20. How pocket money do you get, Daniel?
2.21. A crime was committed in Rye last night. The police are looking it.
2.22. The murderer was sentenced to life imprisonment ten years .
2.23. Scarcely when he tried to kiss her.
2.24. Once upon a time three bears who lived in a little house in a wood.
2.25. Before we left for a camping holiday near Aviemore in Scotland we bought some warm sleeping bags.
2.26. Which of the following African countries has the population? Senegal, Cameroon, Egypt or Kenya?
2.27. Matt doesn' really know how to cook. But he can  certainly an omelette.
2.28. Every one of us it.
2.29. Some of them an effort to do it well.
2.30. You enter a park unless your dog is on a leash.
2.31. The policemen fired the bank robbers.
2.32. America won its independence Britain in the American Revolution.
2.33. "The train leaves at 7.45 ." he said .     
2.34. Never has been so unfair to me.
2.35. It a lovely day with a lot of sunshine tomorrow.
2.36. Arthur decided yesterday. He his job.
2.37. I asleep a long time before I got up.
2.38. she also paid for all the drinks.
2.39. The baby keeps crying. I'm sure the baby hungry.
2.40. The pop concert eleven.
2.41. Don't come between 6 and 8. We visitors.
2.42. Look at Mrs Smith. She a baby.
2.43. She with Curtis.
2.44.  I still remember my first car.
2.45. Talking of hair, Mr. President, ?
 
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