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1. Mixed tenses.

1.1. While the Millers ______ a party, we ______  our fence.


would be having - had been painting
had been having - were painting
were having - were painting
were having - had been painting

 

1.2. - ______  to Deganwy? - No, I ______ .


Will you ever be - won't
Had you ever been - hadn't
Were you ever - wasn't
Have you ever been - haven't

 

1. 3. The Quirks ____ a house in the north of Spain.


probably buy
will probably buy
are probably buying
have probably been buying

 

1.4. If our dog ____ a noise at night, he ____ loud.


hears - barks
heard - barked
will hear - barks
will hear - barked

 

1.5. They _____ in Oxford since 1987.

are living
were living
have left
have been living.

 

1.6. When Joff _____ into the classroom, Peter _____ on his desk.

  has come - was climbed
 
came  - has climbed
was coming - was climbed
 
came - climbed

 

1.7. The concert last night ____ really great.

will be
had been
has been
was

 

1.8. Tomorrow John ____ the new girl to school with him.

is taking
was taking
will be taking
takes

 

1.9. While she ____ a shower, he ____ his teeth.

is having - was brushing
will have - will brush
had had - was brushing
was having - was brushing

 

1.10. Four different stars ____ interviewed yesterday.

were interviewed
would be interviewed
have been interviewed
will be interviewed

 

 

 

2. Adjectives and adverbs


2.1. He speaks English . We can understand every word. (fluent, easy)



2.2. It is to refuse him a wish; he is always so (difficult, kind)



2.3. He doesn't seem to be ; he dresses so ; but he has got several houses. (rich, bad)

 

 

2.4. Open the windows . The air is so (quick, warm)

 

 

2.5. I know the man ; he is a politician. (personal, great)

 

 

2.6. What is the dress for a wedding ? (correct)

 

 

2.7. She pronounces this word . (quite, different)

 

 

2.8. You should answer and . (free, quick)

 

 

2.9. The girl took her father in a wheel chair to a park nearby. (invalid, comfortable)

 

 

2.10. My room was but the charge was too . (quiet, high)

 

 


3. Adjective and adverb again. Rewrite the following sentences.

Ex.: Her dress is nice. She dresses nicely.

3.1. The gentleman's smile was warm.


 

3.2. He said: "A slow waltz is an easy dance." (You can ... )

 

 

3.3. Irene's answer was shy. (to answer)

 

 

3.4. Last Thursday there was a terrible quarrel between my neighbours. (to quarrel)

 

 

3.5. Your pronunciation of this word should be correct.

 

 

3.6. He has been a slow worker, hasn't he ?

 

 

3.7. Is your seat comfortable ? (Are you sitting ... )

 

 

3.8. Isn't he a good painter?

 


4. Humpty Dumpty. Complete using the simple past tense.


HUMPTY DUMPTY (sit) ON A WALL.

HUMPTY DUMPTY (have) A GREAT FALL.


ALL THE KING'S HORSES
AND ALL THE KING'S MEN
(put / not / can) HUMPTY TOGETHER AGAIN.

 

 


5. Reading comprehension. Read the text with the help of a dictionary. Look up all the words you do not know.

Learn the new words.


What is the origin of Humpty Dumpty?

Although there is not a definitive answer to that interesting question, some explanations do not seem to be too far-fetched:

--- Humpty Dumpty refers to King Richard III, who is sometimes called "the hunchbacked monarch". If one may believe the

history books, King Richard III fell from his horse at the Battle of Bosworth Field. His horse's name was "Wall", as dramatically

rendered in Shakespeare’s play "Richard III": "A horse! A horse! My Kingdom for a Horse!"

Surrounded by enemy troops in the battle, Richard was butchered right there. His body was hacked to pieces. That's where

the final lines of the rhyme come from.

--- The “wall” Humpty Dumpty was sitting on was most likely not his horse, but a pun often used in riddles.

A pun is a play on words. The “wall” means "Welsh" or "foreigner." This is the same "wal" as in "walnut" (a Welsh or foreign

nut) and "Cornwall."

King Richard III was counting on (hence sitting on) Sir William Stanley and some other foreigners in the Battle of Bosworth

Field, but he was deserted, and his troops couldn’t protect him from being hacked to pieces.

--- King Richard III ruled over France when the peasants started a revolt which led to a civil war during which they first made

him give up his throne, then killed him and his family. His head was cut off and buried in lime so that he could never ever come

back to rule again.

--- There existed an ancient Roman engine of war, the Testudo, the tortoise, a predecessor to the modern tank. Humpty

Dumpty refers to the British use of that machine. This machine was often used to to cross moats and climb over castle walls.

On one occasion an English army tried to conquer a castle surrounded by a moat, but they found no way to get over the

castle wall, so their leader decided to build a Testudo. During the night, while the English army was constructing the engine,

the opposing army widened the moat. As a consequence, when the English attacked the next morning, their machine fell

from the wall into the moat. It could not be pulled out of the moat.

--- Another source says that Humpty Dumpty was a powerful cannon during the English Civil War (1642-49). Mounted on

top of the St Mary's at the Wall Church in Colchester it helped to defend the city against siege in the summer of 1648.

Colchester was a Parliamentarian stronghold, but it had been taken by the Royalists who held it for eleven weeks. During the

siege the church tower was hit by the enemy troops and the top of the tower was blown off, thus sending Humpty Dumpty

to the ground. The King's men (infantry) and horses (cavalry) tried to repair Humpty Dumpty, but in vain.

 

Assignments:

- Which version do you favour?

- When did Richard III live?

 
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