Ystrafellte Falls, Wales
1. Extensive reading. Read the following text very carefully. Then answer the questions below in complete sentences. Do not quote from the text.
Whenever you quote from the text, it is a mistake. Count your words.
Wales is a land of castles, strong and imposing, even when they are but ruins of their former glory. They are found all over the country,
near the sea, in the mountains and dominating the plains. They were built by the English, in the days when it was necessary to keep
garrisons and fortresses in Wales, to maintain order and to subdue the warlike activities of the Welsh and their native princes who ruled
over them. The battles are forgotten, but the castles remain, grey and beautiful; Conwy, Caernarfon and Harlech castles dominate the
towns and the sea-coast, others command the way into Wales from England. There is little else in Wales that is noticeable as architecture,
except four cathedrals and a few large and old churches. It has always been a poor country, a land of small houses and cottages: man
has added little to the beauty of the countryside except farmhouses and stone cottages nestling in the hillside for shelter from the wind.
But the chief and abiding beauty of Wales, attracting visitors from all over the world, is the work of nature. Rugged mountains, deep
valleys with lakes and quiet rivers, empty moorland, the fertile plains, sandy beaches and rocky coast - these are the best of Wales.
imposing - eindrucksvoll
garrison - Garnison
to nestle into - sich schmiegen an
shelter - Schutz
abiding - dauerhaft
1.1. What does the text say about the Welsh castles?
1.2. Who built the castles ? Why were they built?
1.3. Is there any extraordinary architecture in Wales?
1.4. What is the main attraction of Wales?
2. General knowledge. Survey over the Welsh and British history.
end of the 13th century:
beginning of the 14th century:
3. Reported speech.
3.1. Take these pictures to the headmaster, Charlie.
The secretary ordered
3.2. "Don't play in the garden, children."
Aunt Mary told
3.3. I'm going to see my friend in Coventry tomorrow.
Mr Jackson said
3.4. "No dogs are allowed in the park."
The notice said
3.5. Have you ever been out of work?
The manager asked
3.6. Did you write to Mr Knox?
The boss wanted to know
4. Quantities. Fill in the correct words concerning indefinite quantities.
Susan : How time do you think they'll need to repair the car?
Keith : Not . It shouldn't take than an hour.
Susan : What ? As that? We've got to be at the station at 3. They'll have to hurry up. We've very time left, you know.
Keith : Oh come on, Susan. It's only a after 1. We've got time. And remember, there's traffic in town now because of the new road.
Susan : O.K., but tell them to get on with it, will you???
5. Participle clauses. Rewrite the following sentences using participle clauses.
5.1. As she got more and more nervous, she did not want to go near the horses.
5.2. As the horses got more and more nervous, she refused to go nearer.
5.3. Grandma is sitting on the sofa. The grandchildren are playing at her feet.
5.4. Before the footballers go on to London, they will have a talk with the manager.